The city of Béziers had a small prison called "Malapague", which meant deadbeat, probably built in the 12th century. Note the presence of two rooms reserved for women. This prison goes through time with some modifications.
With the appearance of legislative texts establishing a distinction between remand prison and central prison, the city of Béziers is becoming aware of the importance of having a more spacious and safer establishment. The project to build a new penitentiary then saw the light of day.